Disfunción mitocondrial como mediador de muerte celular inducida por ketamina en células neuronales: expresión del RNAm de UCP2

Permanent URI for this collection


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Item
    Lactic acid transport mediated by aquaporin-9 : implications on the pathophysiology of preeclampsia
    (Frontiers, 2021) Acosta, Lucas Hernán ; Medina, Yollyseth ; Reppetti, Julieta ; Corominas, Ana ; Bustamante, Juanita ; Szpilbarg, Natalia ; Damiano, Alicia E.
    Aquaporin-9 (AQP9) expression is significantly increased in preeclamptic placentas. Since feto-maternal water transfer is not altered in preeclampsia, the main role of AQP9 in human placenta is unclear. Given that AQP9 is also a metabolite channel, we aimed to evaluate the participation of AQP9 in lactate transfer across the human placenta. Explants from normal term placentas were cultured in low glucose medium with or without L-lactic acid and in the presence and absence of AQP9 blockers (0.3 mM HgCl2 or 0.5 mM Phloretin). Cell viability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay and lactate dehydrogenase release. Apoptotic indexes were analyzed by Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and Terminal Deoxynucleotidyltransferase-Mediated dUTP Nick-End Labeling assay. Heavy/large and light/small mitochondrial subpopulations were obtained by differential centrifugation, and AQP9 expression was detected by Western blot. We found that apoptosis was induced when placental explants were cultured in low glucose medium while the addition of L-lactic acid prevented cell death. In this condition, AQP9 blocking increased the apoptotic indexes. We also confirmed the presence of two mitochondrial subpopulations which exhibit different morphologic and metabolic states. Western blot revealed AQP9 expression only in the heavy/large mitochondrial subpopulation. This is the first report that shows that AQP9 is expressed in the heavy/large mitochondrial subpopulation of trophoblasts. Thus, AQP9 may mediate not only the lactic acid entrance into the cytosol but also into the mitochondria. Consequently, its lack of functionality in preeclamptic placentas may impair lactic acid utilization by the placenta, adversely affecting the survival of the trophoblast cells and enhancing the systemic endothelial dysfunction.
  • Item
    Alcohol hangover induces nitric oxide metabolism changes by impairing NMDA receptor-PSD95-nNOS pathway
    (Elsevier, 2021-5-5) Karadayian, Analía G. ; Bustamante, Juanita ; Lores-Arnaiz, Silvia
    Alcohol hangover is defined as the combination of mental and physical symptoms experienced the day after a single episode of heavy drinking, starting when blood alcohol concentration approaches zero. We previously evidenced increments in free radical generation and an imbalance in antioxidant defences in non-synaptic mitochondria and synaptosomes during hangover. It is widely known that acute alcohol exposure induces changes in nitric oxide (NO) production and blocks the binding of glutamate to NMDAR in central nervous system. Our aim was to evaluate the residual effect of acute ethanol exposure (hangover) on NO metabolism and the role of NMDA receptor-PSD95-nNOS pathway in non-synaptic mitochondria and synaptosomes from mouse brain cortex. Results obtained for the synaptosomes fraction showed a 37% decrease in NO total content, a 36% decrease in NOS activity and a 19% decrease in nNOS protein expression. The in vitro addition of glutamate to synaptosomes produced a concentration-dependent enhancement of NO production which was significantly lower in samples from hangover mice than in controls for all the glutamate concentrations tested. A similar patter of response was observed for nNOS activity being decreased both in basal conditions and after glutamate addition. In addition, synaptosomes exhibited a 64% and 15% reduction in NMDA receptor subunit GluN2B and PSD-95 protein expression, respectively. Together with this, glutamate-induced calcium entry was significant decreased in synaptosomes from alcohol-treated mice. On the other hand, in non-synaptic mitochondria, no significant differences were observed in NO content, NOS activity or nNOS protein expression. The expression of iNOS remained unaltered in synaptosomes and non-synaptic mitochondria. Here we demonstrated that hangover effects on NO metabolism are strongly evidenced in synaptosomes probably due to a disruption in NMDAR/PSD- 95/nNOS pathway.